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On the reversibility of membrane fouling by deposits produced during crossflow ultrafiltration of casein micelle suspensions

Abstract : The formation of a deposit layer on membrane surfaces is an important problem, particularly in milk filtration. Properties of the deposit and efficiency of deposit removal can be studied using various indirect methods based mainly on average membrane resistance in deposit formation-deposit removal cycles, but their conclusions on deposit reversibility depend on conditions surrounding deposit analysis. Here we present a method for direct characterization of the reversibility of deposit compression via analysis of local solid concentration distribution during deposit formation at constant pressure and cross-flow velocity and deposit removal after pressure relaxation. Two models are proposed for deposit characterization: a model of crossflow filtration with deposit formation to characterize deposit compressibility-permeability from the data on concentration distribution at steady-state of deposit formation, and a model for evaluating deposit swelling kinetics from the data on steady-state compressibility-permeability. The method was applied here for analysis of the deposit formed on the surface of a polymeric ultrafiltration membrane during crossflow filtration of casein micelle suspensions at 25 • C. Local solid concentration distribution in the deposit and concentration polarization layer was probed in situ using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Experiments were performed in a special-purpose SAXS-filtration cell. It was demonstrated that casein micelle deposits obtained at 1.1 bar transmembrane pressure swell after pressure relaxation. However, swelling rate was significantly lower than that obtained by modeling using deposit compressibility-permeability obtained from the analysis of steady-state concentration distribution. We thus find evidence that casein micelle deposits produced during crossflow membrane filtration undergo compression that is partially irreversible.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03199144
Contributor : Anne Giboulot <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 1:44:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 3:41:19 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, July 16, 2021 - 6:40:42 PM

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Maksym Loginov, Floriane Doudiès, Nicolas Hengl, Mohamed Karrouch, Nadine Leconte, et al.. On the reversibility of membrane fouling by deposits produced during crossflow ultrafiltration of casein micelle suspensions. Journal of Membrane Science, Elsevier, 2021, 630, pp.119289. ⟨10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119289⟩. ⟨hal-03199144⟩

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