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Guidelines for Molybdenum Oxidation State and Geometry from X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy at the Mo L 2,3 -edges

Abstract : Molybdenum accepts oxidation states from −II to +VI. This versatility is highly beneficial for applications in catalysis, especially combined with sulfur to form the ubiquitous MoS2 material. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) is a particularly well-adapted technique to study simultaneously both elements since the K-edge of S (2472 eV) and the L2,3-edges of Mo (2520–2625 eV) have similar absorption energies. It provides information on both the electronic and local structures of metal-containing species and allows drawing structure–activity relationships. However, L2,3-edges are difficult to interpret, especially for 4d and 5d transition metals. In addition, only a few recent studies focus on the measurement of the signal of Mo-based reference compounds, meaning that the references from the literature do not benefit from recent technical progress. Notwithstanding theoretical tools that allow a deep understanding of such spectroscopic data, the lack of reference spectra prevents a quick yet reliable interpretation. In this work, we provide a method for the interpretation of X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) data at the Mo L2,3-edges based on a library of spectra of simple Mo compounds. From our analysis, we suggest using the L3-edge to determine the oxidation state (in selected cases) and the L2-edge to gain insight on the geometry around Mo atoms. This method is then applied to a series of molybdenum sulfide compounds to rationalize their structures. Besides this example, these guidelines should help to qualitatively interpret XANES of Mo at L2,3-edges in future studies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2021 - 11:47:06 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 3:27:21 AM

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Alexy Freitas, Rémi André, Cyprien Poucin, Thi Kim-Chi Le, Jerick Imbao, et al.. Guidelines for Molybdenum Oxidation State and Geometry from X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy at the Mo L 2,3 -edges. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, American Chemical Society, 2021, 125 (32), pp.17761-17773. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c01875⟩. ⟨hal-03329787⟩

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